Kiel Nano, Surface and Interface Science (KiNSIS)

Femtosecond science on-chip: Capturing light-induced anomalous Hall currents in graphene (Dr. James McIver, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter)

Jun 15, 2021 from 04:15 PM

Many non-equilibrium phenomena have been discovered or predicted in quantum solids driven by femtosecond pulses of light. Examples include photo-induced superconductivity [1] and Floquet-engineered topological phases [2]. These effects are expected to lead to measurable changes in electrical transport. However, the timescales involved far exceed those accessible using conventional fast electronics. In this talk, I will present results on the transport properties of monolayer graphene illuminated by a femtosecond pulse of circularly polarized light [3]. This was achieved using an ultrafast device architecture based on laser-triggered photoconductive switches. We observed a light-induced Hall effect in the absence of an applied magnetic field. The dependence of the effect on a gate potential used to tune the Fermi level revealed multiple features that reflect a Floquet-engineered topological band structure, similar to the band structure originally proposed by Haldane [4]. This includes a ~60 meV wide conductance plateau centered at the Dirac point, where a gap of equal magnitude is predicted to open based on Floquet theory. We find that when the Fermi level lies within this plateau, the non-equilibrium anomalous Hall conductance saturates around ~1.8+/-0.4 e^2/h.

[1] D. Fausti et al. Science 331, 189-191 (2011)
[2] T. Oka & H. Aoki. Phys. Rev. B 79, 081406 (2009)

[3] J.W. McIver et al. Nature Physics 16, 38-41 (2020)
[4] F.D.M. Haldane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2015-2018 (1988)

Link to the video meeting
The talk is part of the "Physikalische Kolloquium", everybody interested is cordially invited.

Inviting person: Prof. Bauer

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